There have been many excellent prayers spoken and sermons
preached on the COVID-19 pandemic in the last few weeks.
They have emphasised such themes as the sovereignty of God,
the frailty of man and the call for Christians not to fear but rather to be
good citizens, voices of calm and agents of compassion in the crisis.
As the Bible tells us we need to keep things in an eternal
perspective through these ‘light and momentary troubles’ (2 Corinthians 4:17) and
remember that our true treasure is in heaven not on earth. (Matthew 6:19-21)
This is not easy to hear for those of us who are sitting in our
self-isolation bunkers watching 20 years of savings disappearing in two weeks
and wondering if the company which employs us will even exist in two months’ time.
It’s not just the physical threat of the virus but the fact
that this is hitting a world which, even before this pandemic surfaced, was already
mired in debt (global
debt is now a record 322% of GDP
) and had already used all its fiscal
Most of us have never encountered an event causing such widespread
social and financial devastation before.
This is why it is essential that as Christians we keep our
cool and act as the agents of Christ in what we say and do.
After all, we know that God will never leave us or forsake
us (Hebrews 13:5) and that nothing can separate us from the love of God that is
in Christ Jesus our Lord (Romans 8:38, 39). To live is Christ and to die is
gain, as the Apostle said. (Philippians 1:21)
But we also need to do some hard thinking about our global
predicament – perhaps starting with asking what the Bible teaches about epidemics.
We know from science that epidemics are caused by infective
agents (bacteria and viruses) that are passed from one person to another and from
history that they are not uncommon occurrences.
documents hundreds that have occurred throughout history – resulting in
hundreds to millions of death. This history
of epidemics page
illustrates this graphically. Epidemics are nothing new.
Just how deadly they are will depend on a variety of factors
– the severity of the illness they cause, the infectiousness of the agent, the
level of immunity in the population and the existence of vaccines and
Coronavirus is neither the worst nor the least we have
encountered. But it is nonetheless very serious.
It causes an illness that requires hospitalisation in about
20% of people, of whom about a quarter will require ventilation. Its mortality
cannot be known with certainly yet but is probably somewhere between 1 and 4%.
It is moderately infectious (as easy as Ebola to catch) and there is no pre-existing
immunity in the human population and as yet no vaccine. Nor is there any
specific curative treatment – just symptomatic treatments like pain relief (if
you can find any paracetamol in the shops) and supportive treatments like
oxygen and ventilation/ECMO. It has a particular predilection for the old and infirm.
Thus far it has killed over 10,000 people
worldwide, but the numbers are rising rapidly as we all know.
However, it still ranks
far below the worst epidemics in history listed below, all of which killed over
one million people.
As you can see, the four worst epidemics in history in terms
of lives lost were the Plague of Justinian, the Black Death, the Spanish Flu and
the AIDS Epidemic, all of which claimed over 20 million lives.
So we have quite
some way to go yet.
So what does the Bible teach us about epidemics? And how
should this shape our response as believers?
To understand this we need to look past viruses and bacteria
to the spiritual realities that lie beyond.
We know that God is utterly sovereign over everything that
happens in the universe. As the book of Daniel reminds us, Kings cannot rule,
lions cannot bite and fire cannot burn without his permission.
God is sovereign over all things human, biological and physical
and especially the rise and fall of nations (Daniel 2:21, 4:25, 5:21).
God was the author of the plagues of Egypt in Exodus 7-12
and is equally the author of the plagues described in the book of
God is our Saviour but he is also our judge and his judgement
is played out not just at the end of time but during the course of history.
Through the prophet Ezekiel God speaks of his ‘four dreadful
judgements’ (14:21) – sword, famine, wild beasts and plague
– which he
sends both against Jerusalem (14:21) and ‘any country’ which sins against him
Deuteronomy 28 lists the curses of disobedience which the Lord
warns will strike Israel if she falls into apostasy and these include infectious
The books of the Prophets in the Old Testament outline in
great detail what will happen to each nation and empire in the course of history
as a result of societal sin (yes nations, as well as individuals, will be judged)
and in passages like Amos 4 God makes it very clear that he himself was the source
of the famine, drought, blight, locusts and plague (4:10) which Israel had
suffered. God is sovereign.
comes to a city has not the Lord caused it?’ (Amos 3:6)
When Solomon prays to the Lord in 2 Chronicles 6:12-42
asking him to deliver Israel from war, drought, famine and plague (28-31) God
in his reply (7:13) makes it very clear that he himself is the author of these
‘When I shut up
the sky so that there is no rain, or command locusts to devour
the land or send a plague among my people…’ (2 Chronicles 7:13)
Jesus makes it very clear that the time between his first and
second comings will be characterised by war, earthquakes, famines and also ‘pestilences’
The fourth horse of the apocalypse and its rider, named
Death and Hades, were given power ‘to kill by sword, famine and plague
by wild beasts of the earth’. (Revelation 6:8)
All four horses of the apocalypse and indeed all the plagues
described in the book of Revelation are released by Jesus Christ himself. It is
the Lamb of God himself, who opens the seven seals (Revelation 6:1),
orders the blowing of the seven trumpets (8:1,2) and orders the pouring out of
the seven bowls of God’s wrath (16:1).
Many Christians today prefer to blame human beings or Satan
for these kinds of cosmic events – but whilst they are most definitely involved
– it is God himself who is both author and judge. Satan has to ask God’s
permission to afflict Job (Job 2:4-8) or to sift Peter (Luke 22:31) – he is
like a dog on a leash.
So it should not surprise us when we look at the epidemics
described in the Bible - those events which seem most likely to be caused by
infective agents like viruses and bacteria – that it is God, or one of his
angels, who invariably is named as the active agent.
I have listed below seven major plagues described in the Old
Testament. You will observe that in each case God or the Angel of the Lord is described
as the active agent. Furthermore, in five of the seven it is Israel which is the
object of judgement. The Assyrians and Philistines fill the other two slots.
Furthermore, each plague constitutes retribution for some specific
national sin – be it insubordination, sexual immorality, idolatry or something else.
So, how should we respond as Christians to the coronavirus?
We must pray of course for the Lord's wisdom: for faith to
see God's plan through it all, for hope in our security in Christ Jesus, and
for strength to be the body of Christ in ministering to those in need.
There are great opportunities to show compassion to those
who are suffering and many churches are already leading the way in this.
But if we fail to see that God is also sovereign over this
event – that he has not only allowed it but also caused it and that this ‘plague’
is an act of judgement and a mark of our sin as nations – we will have badly
‘I am the Lord,
and there is no other. I form light and create darkness, I make weal and
create woe; I the Lord do all these things.’ (Isaiah 45:6,7)
Yes, God is our healer. He will bind us up. He is loving and
compassionate. But he is also the ultimate author of human suffering because he is also
our judge and uses it to wake us up from our spiritual slumber. As CS Lewis said:
‘We can ignore
even pleasure. But pain insists upon being attended to. God whispers to us in
our pleasures, speaks in our conscience, but shouts in our pains: it is
his megaphone to rouse a deaf world.’
How are we deaf? It is interesting that this epidemic seems
to be hurting rich Western countries the most. That, in general terms the oldest
and most wealthy of us on the planet are currently being hit the hardest.
This virus threatens to outsmart us and overwhelm even our
incomparably vast medical, financial and social resources. We are fighting it
with all our wealth, ingenuity and scientific knowledge – and it is right to do
so – but we are ultimately in God’s hands. It is he who by a subtle turn of the
screw can choose to contain it or let it loose. We are putty, or dust, in his
And so alongside all the good things we are doing and must
do to contain, mitigate and turn back this virus, we need to ask what God might
be saying to us as the wealthy and profligate post-Christian West – an end-stage
culture which has turned its back on God and gone its own way.
It was Ezekiel who said of his own people many centuries ago:
‘Now this was the
sin of your sister Sodom: She and her daughters were
arrogant, overfed and unconcerned; they did not help the poor and
needy. They were haughty and did detestable things before me.
Therefore, I did away with them as you have seen.’ (Ezekiel 16:49,50)
These words could equally well describe the Western world
One of the most interesting of the plague accounts listed
above is that surrounding the census, described in 2 Samuel 24 and 1 Chronicles
King David takes a census of the fighting men of Israel contrary
to God’s command. As a result, God sends an angel to bring a plague upon Israel.
70,000 people die throughout the length and breadth of the country – from Dan
to Beersheba (2 Samuel 24:15).
But when the angel is about to destroy Jerusalem itself God calls
a halt, and says ‘Enough! Withdraw your hand’. (24:16)
David sees the angel who is at that time at the threshing
floor of Araunah the Jebusite and asks that God punishes him instead of the people
(given that the census was his fault).
God’s response is to ask David to build an altar on the site,
which he then purchases for 50 shekels, and sacrifices burnt offerings, fellowship
offerings and prayers which leads God to call off the plague.
The place where these events happen is deeply significant.
We are told in 2 Chronicles 3:1-2 that the
threshing floor of Araunah was on Mount Moriah – the place where God provided a
ram substitute to Abraham for his son Isaac and where David’s son Solomon would
later build the Temple. We know it as the Temple Mount today.
On Mount Moriah a ram dies in place of Isaac. On the threshing
floor of Araunah animals are sacrificed in place of the people of Jerusalem. On
the Temple Mount sheep and goats are later sacrificed in place of the people of
Israel. Each substitutionary death averts the wrath of God.
All of these three events point forward prophetically to
Jesus’ death on the cross for our sins, taking the punishment that we deserved.
The Lamb of God – Jesus Christ - becomes our Saviour dying
in our place.
What will happen with the coronavirus epidemic is in God’s
hands. We do not know at this point how many lives it will claim and if we will
personally be included in that number.
But we need to remember that the Lamb who gave his life in order
that we might stand before God with confidence on the day of judgement, is the same
Lamb who pulls off the seals of judgement in the book of Revelation to unleash the
four horsemen of the apocalypse.
We know that, regardless of how serious it is and how many people
die, the coronavirus plague will eventually pass and become just another event in
history. But are we reading the signs?
Sadly, in the context of Revelation most people on earth
missed the signs. We are told that in the face of these warnings they failed to
rest of mankind who were not killed by these plagues still did not
repent of the work of their hands; they did not stop worshiping
demons, and idols of gold, silver, bronze, stone and wood—idols that
cannot see or hear or walk. Nor did they repent of their murders,
their magic arts, their sexual immorality or their thefts.’ (Revelation
Murders, magic arts, sexual immorality and thefts. It is not
difficult to see how these descriptions might apply today in our post-Christian
West in the shadow of the sexual revolution and all its societal consequences.
Not only did they fail to repent but later, when things got
worse, they like the Egyptians before them, ‘cursed the name of God, who
had control over these plagues’. (Revelation 16:9)
Yes, we must do all we can humanly do to constrain and mitigate
this epidemic (see my recent
on how fundamental proper virus testing is to this) but if we do
this without reading this event as a warning from God we will have missed the point.
We need to see it through the eyes of Scripture as well as through the eyes of science.
God’s words to Solomon were very clear:
‘When I shut up
the heavens so that there is no rain, or command locusts to devour the
land or send a plague among my people, if my people, who are called by my
name, will humble themselves and pray and seek my face and
turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven, and I will
forgive their sin and will heal their land.’ (2 Chronicles 7:13,14)
That is what we need to do as a church and as a nation –
humble ourselves, pray, seek the face of God and turn from our sins. We are
living in an end-stage culture and this is only the beginning of what will
befall us if we close our ears and eyes to the signs. It is not too late but we
need to act now before it is.
In Matthew’s Gospel we are told, that Jesus began to preach
with the words, ‘Repent for the Kingdom of heaven is near.’ It has never been
nearer than now. It is time to repent.